Tip #19: Create a motivational environment.
Motivation, or the learner’s intent to learn, is one of the most important factors in successful accomplishment. Dr. Madeline Hunter of UCLA has identified seven training techniques which have high potential for increasing a learner’s motivation or intent to learn: (1) Extrinsic-Intrinsic Motivation; (2) Success; (3) Feedback; (4) Confidence; (5) Interest; (6) Concern; and (7) Feeling.
1. Extrinsic-Intrinsic Motivation: When a learner approaches learning as a means to achieve some result (such as a grade or certification), the learner is operating from a more extrinsic (or external) motivation. Intrinsic (or internal) motivation exists when the learner’s primary goal is the satisfaction of learning itself.
Example: Someone who is ordered to attend a class has an extrinsic reason for being there. However, someone who loves learning and takes the class voluntarily has an intrinsic motivation. It is possible to create a stimulating and successful learning situation so that someone who is initially forced to attend feels good about the learning experience and voluntarily seeks it out in the future.
We will explore the other motivational training techniques that help to convert extrinsic motivation into intrinsic motivation in future Tips.