“I never teach my pupils, I only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn.” Albert Einstein
Alan Schoenfeld, Professor of Education and Mathematics at the University of California Berkeley, designed Teaching for Robust Understanding (TRU) of Mathematics to teach math to elementary school students. The TRU framework can also be used to teach other elementary school disciplines.
When I read about TRU and its five dimensions, I was struck by its similarity to participatory, learner-centered curriculum design and delivery for adults.
Central to TRU are five dimensions of classroom activity: (1) content; (2) cognitive demand; (3) equitable access to content; (4) agency, authority and identity; and (5) uses of assessment.
- The Content dimension is defined as: “The